A few days ago, I was trying the exercise almost impossible to compile a list of possible applications of the chain blocks, the concrete problems that the registers are distributed can be set while generating new economic sectors, to create growth. Among the examples provided, there was the electronic voting. This new grave so to the point : Moscow is in the process of conducting tests on the platform Ethereum in order to put in place an electronic voting system decentralized.
The Russian capital at the forefront of the electronic voting
The capital of Russia has not waited for the chain of blocks to work on the electronic voting. The initiative Enables Citizen was launched by the mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin, as of 2014. It is a platform for electronic voting, which allows citizens to give their opinion on matters non-political, for example the name of a metro station, speed limits, etc Since its launch, more than 3,000 surveys were distributed by the application to the office of consultation popular with 2 million Muscovites who use it.
This tool of direct democracy opens up, of course, the way the electronic voting pure and hard when it comes to choosing the city’s mayor and city councillors. However, voices were raised to denounce the risk of manipulation of elections by hackers. Indeed, it is difficult to shield this kind of applications. The records distributed, and transparency are the solution. Moscow has understood this, which is why the city is currently conducting a pilot project to switch his system on the network Ethereum.
As stated by Andrei Belozerov, advisor to the mayor of Moscow : “of course, we often hear that it is difficult to trust the results of the vote. This is why we have decided to use chain blocks in the framework of the project Active Citizen, which should become a platform for trusted electronic. “
The transparency of the registries are distributed, a boon for citizens ‘ initiatives
If you are familiar with the chain of blocks, you know that it is very easy to perform checks using the explorers on different channels. For example, on the network Ethereum you can find out all of the transactions ETH or tokens ERC with tools like etherscan.io. Cheating is simply impossible, either in terms of the number of tokens in circulation, transactions, etc, All stored on independent nodes that are aligned by a consensus. This ensures the integrity of financial transactions can therefore ensure the transparency of all flow data, including data on the electronic voting.
As Belozerov said, the idea is to ” put all the votes on the chain blocks in order to make the elections open. Everyone will be able to check the process. “
The authorities of the Russian capital did not take security lightly. In particular, they have engaged Price Waterhouse Cooper to conduct an audit of the code, assessing the risks of cyber-attacks, handling in-house…
Election to the old, soon to be a relic of the past ? Source Pixabay
Active Citizen, has already received votes through the network Ethereum
One of the latest surveys of the application Active Citizen has already started to collect the votes via the network Ethereum. In particular, to gather the opinion of the inhabitants of a building : do they wish to see their old building to be demolished to be replaced by a new one, knowing that they will be required to relocate temporarily during construction ?
These initiatives will accelerate the development of solutions to scalability
These systems are, by their nature, likely to generate a large number of transactions. And so exacerbate the problems of scalability faced by most of the chains of blocks, which is still too slow. Until now, Active Citizen has reached a peak of 1,000 transactions per minute. But if the application was to be used by 12 million of Muscovites, will she be able to manage the volumes ?
According to Belozerov, it is the stress test ideal. By the end of the month of march, Moscow will determine if Ethereum is able to manage the volumes of transactions of the application. In case of success, all votes will be engraved in the marble of the chain of blocks.
The Russian federal government is also interested in the chain of blocks
Belozerov also tells us that there was not that Moscow is interested in the string blocks as part of its process. The Russian ministry of economic Development is considering the use of records distributed as part of certificates of ownership. He also referred to the case of Dubai, who wishes to migrate all records to the string of blocks by the year 2025.
If the Russian expert does not deny the challenges of scalability, the negative attitudes of governments is according to him a more important risk. Indeed, for politicians who like to talk about transparency, their position relative to the chain of blocks will determine what is actually their feeling about this topic. But according to Belozerov, optimism still prevails : “I see a very strong trend in favour of the adoption of this technology by countries and companies,” he concluded.
Source : TomLuongo.to me, CityLab.com, CoinDesk.com