The blockchain would be the technology of the future. However, her name has, until now, been primarily associated with payment platforms, the ethics is often criticized, due to their energy consumption, or their diversion to practices as mafia-like. But advocates of the blockchain say : the technology has the potential to revolutionize any and all uses of the internet and therefore enable a brighter future. To prove it, with ambitious projects emerge to promote the blockchain as a catalyst of ecological services and socially positive. Here is a panorama of the best !
A blockchain green is possible
Critics continue to rain down on the energy consumption required for the mining of Bitcoin and Ethereum. A wave of green initiatives, based on the blockchain, and want to remedy the problem.
The statistics are well known : the network of mining of Bitcoin consumes each year to 32.6 terrawatt hours (TWh), equivalent to the energy consumption of Ireland (25,7 TWh) and Estonia (To 6.9 TWh) combined ! In some regions, such as China, the weight energy of the Bitcoin has become so heavy that the local governments have had to intervene to request the reduction or the disappearance of farms, blasting cryptomonnaies.
About wants to introduce an environmental dimension into the crypto-mining.
A ICO, recent, About, offers a token based on a hardware solution that is respectful of the environment. Solar energy is used to power containers mobile transporting equipment to mining. This approach plug-and-play allows owners of the tokens About to have a power of blasting and durable, these hubs minors being able to connect to any source of clean energy.
The solution of the Approximate contrast with most of the solutions for mining remote (cloud mining) as Hashflare, which are heavily dependent on traditional energy sources, such as power plants, fossil.
Other promising projects to use alternative energy sources, such as hydro-electricity (Hydrominer) and wind power (Wind Energy, Mining). All together, these initiatives demonstrate a genuine commitment to regild the blazon of the blockchain on the slope of the climate.
To a chain of responsible production
Child labor, exploitation, wages, and working conditions degraded are common all upstream chains of production. Often, the big brands are unaware of these practices, as they do not control the suppliers of their suppliers. Subsequent scandals, such as the one known by H&M accused of using syrian children in their Turkish factories.
Namahe wishes to address these operational risks by developing the first logistics solution based on the blockchain, thus integrating all levels in the chain of production, from workers to suppliers and retailers in a seamless solution.
Namahe, the first logistics solution socially responsible, aims to reduce the exploitation in the production chains by using a blockchain is fully transparent.
Using Namahe, the big brands will be able to ensure 100% transparency along their supply chain, save money on audits normally expensive, and avoid scandals synonyms of bad press for them. In the end, the approach should enable retailers, suppliers and labour groups to trade together in a market place ethics, while allowing for the establishment of new business relationships.
The approach of the De Beers Group is similar. The world leader in the exploitation and mining of diamond has recently announced the development of a solution based on the blockchain, applied to the entire diamond value chain, and offering a single database, secure and tamper-proof for all the diamonds listed on the said platform. The aim is to combat the supply of mine operator workers, or in areas of conflict.
In addition to De Beers, a new player, Cedex, france, is also working to address the concerns of transparency in the diamond trade, by developing the first diamond bourse based on the blockchain.
Restore the right to identity
The blockchain can be used for humanitarian ? It would then have the potential to mitigate the boundaries, decentralize governance and improve the international aid towards more transparency and traceability.
Concretely, a flagship project in this regard is the ID2020. It is an alliance for the digital identity, to change the lives of millions of people by offering them a digital identity. According to ID2020, about one billion people in the world live without civil status, which deprives them of their human rights, economic opportunities and access to basic services, including medical care and education.
Without the possibility to prove their identity, millions of people in the world are missing out on basic services in the areas of social or financial. ID2020 wants to solve this problem.
The project supported by Microsoft wants to develop a secure framework for the provision of a digital identity that is trusted. In developing and testing the best technologies, including blockchain, to an identification system digital safe and permanent, and working with governments, the project hopes to reach its goal by 2030.
Hopes for the future
In addition to allowing payments without the border and reduce the poverty gaps, the platforms based on the blockchain have the ambition to combat the slavery, ensure access to medical data, or even protect against election fraud, to name only a few examples.
In the end, 2018 is shaping up to be a great year for technology, blockchain, with a progress, still confidential but growing towards solutions that are ethical and respect the local regulations. More and more projects will prove to be the blockchain can contribute to a future that is more respectful of the environment and the human. At least we hope.